The National Assembly of Pakistan passed the Constitution on 10th and the Assembly published the Constitution of the Islamic. THE CONSTITUTION. Of. THE ISLAMIC REPUBLIC. Of. PAKISTAN, [12th April, ]. Preamble: Whereas sovereignty over the entire universe belongs to . ISN: PAKC Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Pakistan PDF (as amended to 31/07/) PDF (as amended to 31/07/) (consulted on ) Constitution in English with amendments Constitution in English with amendments.
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The Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan came into force on 12 April Previously Pakistan Constitution of Pakistan – Complete PDF Format hellow friends i am student of English department. Reply. The Constitution of Pakistan - up-to-date with all amendments incorporated. Date of Entry into Force: April 12, Pakistan's Constitution provides for a parliamentary system of government with the Pakistan The Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, Complete document (pdf) [ Contact Us; English.
When martial law was finally lifted, the Assembly was summoned in April on the basis of the election results in the former West Pakistan region. A committee was set up from a cross-section of politicians from different parties.
There were disagreements within the committee as to whether the new constitution should bring in parliamentary rule or a presidential system of government. There were also differing views over the question of provincial autonomy.
It took the constitutional committee eight months before it submitted it's report on 10th April The draft constitution was passed by the federal Assembly by votes in favour, with three abstentions.
It was brought into force on 14th August , and Bhutto was elected prime minister by the National Assembly on 12th August. The Constitution's main features were:. Pakistan shall be a Federal Republic with a Parliamentary system of government.
The prime minister shall be the head of government, elected from the majority party. The special position of Islam as the state religion shall be emphasized and both the prime minister and president are required to be Muslims. Pakistan shall be declared an Islamic Republic by default. A bill to amend the constitution shall need a two-thirds majority in the lower house and a majority in the upper house. All fundamental human rights shall be guaranteed but the stipulation was added that it was subject to resonable restrictions imposed by law'.
The Supreme Court and High Courts shall be given the power to enforce fundamental rights.
The president shall act in accordance with the binding advice of the prime minister, and all orders of president shall be counter signed by the prime minister. The senate, or upper house, shall be elected mostly from the provincial governments and so, for the first time, the interests of the provinces shall be safeguarded at the centre. The Senate shall not be dissolved even in emergencies.
Islam shall be the state religion. There are two legislative lists - the Federal List and the Concurrent List. The central government has exclusive right to legislate on all matters enumerated in the Federal List. As far as the Concurrent List is concerned, both the central and the provincial governments can make laws on their subjects, however, in case of conflict the central law will prevail while the other will stand invalid.
Constitution of Pakistan 1973 in Urdu ver
The residuary powers are vested in the provincial governments. Although the provincial autonomy has been ensured but the supremacy of the federal government has been recognized in various legislative, administrative and fiscal matters.
Parliamentary Form The constitution establishes a parliamentary form of government. The Prime Minister and the cabinet ministers belong to Parliament and are responsible to it for their conduct and policies.
They remain in office so long as they enjoy the confidence of the majority members. The Parliament can pass a vote of No-Confidence against them. The President has to act on the advice of Prime Minister.
Salient Features of 1973 Constitution of Pakistan
Bicameralism Unlike the previous practices the present political system is characterized by bicameralism called Majlis-e-Shura Article consisting of two Houses — the National Assembly and the Senate. The former is the lower and popular house chamber directly elected for a period of 5 years. Its total strength is under LFO while the Senate is the upper chamber, which represents the units.
It consists of 87 members under LFO who are indirectly elected for a term of 6 years. Both the houses share equal powers in respect of legislation but in certain matters the National Assembly is more powerful especially in matters of financial legislation.
Fundamental Rights The constitution of incorporates all the fundamental rights that were ensured under the defunct constitution. Neither the Parliament nor the provincial assemblies are authorized to enact laws repugnant to these rights otherwise the courts will declared such laws to be unconstitutional.
Some of these rights include freedom of movement, freedom of assembly, association, profession, speech and freedom of religion, right to property, equality before law etc. Independence of Judiciary in Constitution Under the Constitution of proper safeguards have been provided to ensure independence of judiciary.
Judges of the superior courts once appointed can only be removed on the basis of inquiry report submitted by Supreme Judicial Council.
Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan
Thus they enjoy full security of office. They receive huge salaries along with many other allowances.
There is single judicial hierarchy with Supreme Court at the top and the High Court next in order. Directive Principles of State Policy Directive Principles of State Policy lay down the basic objectives and future plan of action of the political system.
The Constitution, therefore, marked a return to a parliamentary form of democracy after the presidential experiment introduced under the constitution. It is hereby enacted as follows: Some of these rights include freedom of movement, freedom of assembly, association, profession, speech and freedom of religion, right to property, equality before law etc.
In the Constitution, Article 90 shall be renumbered as clause 1 of that Article and, after clause 1 renumber as aforesaid, the following new clause shall be added, namely: In this clause, "competent authority" means, - a in respect of President's 0rders, Ordinances, Martial Law Regulation Martial Law Orders and enactments, the appropriate Legislature; and b in respect of notifications, rules , orders and bye-laws, the authority in which the power to make, alter, repeal or amend the same vests under the law.
Addition of new Article 63A in the Constitution.
The Constitution's main features were: I. Pakistan shall be a federal Islamic state , so residuary powers shall rest with provinces not the central government.